BIO-ENHANCED TREATMENT SYSTEM (BETS)
MATERIALS AND INSTALLATION GUIDELINES
RESEARCH PROJECT IN PROGRESS: REPORTS
Recirculating vertical flow constructed wetlands (RVFCW) to enhance biological nitrogenous and phosphorus removal from sewage: Engineered ecosystem for sustainable biomass crop production.
These standards apply to the design and construction of subsurface constructed wetland treatment technology for on-site sewage systems with design daily flow of 750 gallons per day or less.
PUBLICATIONS OF RESEARCH STUDIES DONE IN LAGRANGE COUNTY-INDIANA USING CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS TO TREAT SEWAGE ONSITE
Constructed Wetland to Crop Soybean (Glycine max L.): Eco-Engineered Application for Phytoremediation of Wastewater Onsite. Current Environmental Engineering 4 (3): 189-196. 2017. http://www.eurekaselect.com/153070/article DOI : 10.2174/2212717804666170609121026
Sunflowers (Helianthus annuus L.) on top of a constructed wetland as an engineered ecosystem to clean sewage onsite. Open Journal of Water Pollution and Treatment 1 (2): 83-91, September 2014.
Recirculating vertical flow constructed wetlands at Gunthorp farms, LaGrange County, Indiana. Innovations in Wastewater Management for Small Meat Processors. A Niche Meat Processor Assistance Network. July 23, 2013 Webinar. Link Presentation
Microbial analysis and chemical composition of corn (Zea mays, L.) growing on a recirculating vertical flow constructed wetland treating sewage on-site. Biosystem Engineering 114 (3): 351-356, March 2013.
Evaluation of on-site sewage system nitrogen removal technologies vegetated recirculating gravel filter. Report to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA-R10-PS-1005), and Washington State Department of Ecology. The University of Washington – Civil and Environmental Engineering Department and Washington State Department of Health: Office of Shellfish and Water Protection. December 31, 2013. http://www.doh.wa.gov/Portals/1/Documents/4400/337-138-VRGF-Final-ETV-Report.pdf (This demonstration project replicated the RVFCW used in LaGrange County). http://www.doh.wa.gov/Portals/1/Documents/4450/337-117-VRGF.pdf (Summary).
The efficiency of constructed wetlands for the removal of the antimicrobial agent Triclosan from wastewater. Doctoral Dissertation, Lisa Zinn, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana. December 2012. (Constructed wetlands installed in LaGrange County were used for this research).
Wetland Demonstration Project: One Percent for the Tetons, Teton Conservation District, Teton County Engineering Department, and Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality(2011, 64 pp. Report) (This demonstration project replicated the RVFCW used in LaGrange County)
Engineered Green Technology to Grow Fuel Corn (Zea Mays L.): Recirculating Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland Treating Sewage On-Site(American Water Work Association Annual Meeting. The World’s Water Event. Chicago, June 2010).
RVFCW-Animal Shelter (Indiana State Department of Health Annual Training Meeting. Indianapolis, March 2010).
Recirculating Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland, Green Alternative to Treating Both Human and Animal Sewage (Journal of Environmental Health 72 (4): 17-20, November 2009).
Recirculating Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland For Treating Residential Wastewater (LaGrange County Health Department & Purdue University, Indiana. RW-4-W: 1-8, January 2008)
Recirculating Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland for the Animal Shelter(World Aquaculture Society Meeting, Puerto Rico, November 2007). Reprinted by the Indiana Environmental Health Association, 2008. Journal of Environmental Health 23 (1): 5-8.
First Residential Recirculating Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland installed in LaGrange County: Water Quality Report (SmallFlows Magazine 7 (4): 34-38, Fall 2006)
Build Your Own Constructed Wetland. LaGrange County Health Department Experience (SmallFlows Magazine, 5 (4): 26-29, Fall 2004)
First Commercial Constructed Wetland installed in LaGrange County: Fish & Roger Lakes (±50,000 GPD)(LaGrange County Utility District, 1994)
Performance of a Constructed Wetland for dairy waste treatment in LaGrange County, Indiana (Purdue University, 1994)
CONSTRUCTED WETLAND RESOURCES AND LINKS
Oasis of the Boulder City-Nevada(CW Park)
Reference about constructed wetlands (Biologist Institute, Denmark)
Z-Cell Constructed Wetland (CW approved by the ISDH)
Growing Away Wastewater (Constructed Ecosystems)
Phytotechnologies: CW (United Nations Environment Program)
Animated CW operation video clips (Univ. of Szeged, Belgium)
Feasibility of wastewater Reuse and https://watereuse.org/
Handbook Constructed Wetlands (USDA-EPA)
Modular Wetland System Linear (Hybrid storm water treatment system)